Release Date: September 29, 2011
Contact: Tiffani Clements (202) 401-0035 Release Number: 11-56 Internet Address: http://www.sba.gov/news
WASHINGTON – Marie Johns, Deputy Administrator of the U.S. Small Business Administration, today signed a tri-partite Memorandum of Understanding with the Department of Commerce’s International Trade Administration (ITA) and the Republic of Turkey’s Small and Medium Enterprises Development Organization (KOSGEB) to encourage collaboration to assist small and medium-sized businesses with international trade opportunities.
The MOU, signed during a luncheon held today at the 29th National Minority Enterprise Development (MED) Week conference will enhance and improve cooperation between the participants.
This year’s MED Week conference is focused on helping minority small businesses expand their operations and establish a presence in the global marketplace while helping them weather the current economic climate in the U.S. The theme for this year’s MED Week event is “Emerging Industries & Markets: A Blueprint for Success,” and it is co-hosted by the SBA and the U.S. Department of Commerce’s Minority Business Development Agency.
“We recognize the significant role that small and medium-sized businesses play in driving national economic prosperity,” said SBA Administrator Karen Mills. “We are entering into this important partnership between the U.S. and Turkey to encourage the exchange of information, including best practices, networking and international trade opportunities for small businesses.”
The roles of each of the participants in the partnership agreement include:
• The International Trade Agency intends to: coordinate digital video conferences with the SBA and KOSGEB to provide information, share best practices and promote international trade among small businesses;
• The SBA intends to: organize briefings for KOSGEB and representatives of Turkey about SBA’s loan guarantee and technical assistance programs, participate in an exchange of experts for training and knowledge-sharing purposes, explore meeting opportunities for U.S. and Turkish businesses and provide KOSGEB with information on SBA’s approaches to promoting opportunities for small business;
• KOSGEB intends to: share knowledge and experience about policies, measures and applications, exchange data and publications about small and medium-sized businesses, host an exchange of experts for knowledge-sharing purposes, organize networking events, mutual business trips to enhance the cooperation between both countries’ small and medium-sized businesses, and encourage and support establishment of ‘Business Matching Centers’ to improve the trade volume of both countries.
All of the participants plan to share relevant information and best practices on innovation, entrepreneurship and export promotion, and international trade relating to small and medium-sized businesses.
For more information about the Memorandum of Understanding, visit www.sba.gov/oit, and for information on MED Week 2011, visit: www.medweek.gov .
Thursday, September 29, 2011
Monday, September 19, 2011
As an accountant, I have a unique vantage point to observe how entrepreneurs change their decisions based on tax policy. My focus as a business advisor is making businesses more profitable first, then dealing with the tax implications of profit.
As much as I would like to focus on profit, I regularly have to reprogram the entrepreneurs thinking on taxes. With new clients, I often have to overcome the advice given by their former CPA, who would inevitably advise them to buy more equipment at the end of each year to avoid paying taxes. Folks, this is just plain dumb unless your goal is to never build wealth from your business.
I would classify entrepreneurs into three groups when it comes to taxes:
The only type of tax that you can make No Taxes Nate pay would be a sales tax (or VAT value added tax). But given Nates predisposition to not pay any taxes, he will find a way to skim or avoid the tax all together. Unfortunately for us honest entrepreneurs, we will endure audits because of Nate, since that is the only way the tax collector can find him.
- No Taxes, No Way Nate This guy will do anything possible, including cheating, to pay no taxes. From our experience with clients we turn down or terminate, this problem is likely bigger than even the IRS estimates.
- Accidentally Profitable Alex This guy is so focused and passionate about his business, that he forgets to plan for success, and the resulting taxes often come as a surprise. Many times this is from a cash out event rather than ongoing profit.
- Eddie the Enduring Entrepreneur This is my favorite type of entrepreneur to work with because he is building a lasting business that will be a tremendous wealth-generating engine for himself and his family. This entrepreneur is often held back by bad advisors who encourage him to waste wealth to avoid taxes, but his instinct and common sense frequently help him overcome the faulty counsel.
Accidentally Profitable Alex does not make decisions based on taxes until his first major tax event occurs. Once that event happens, he may change his name to Nate if he perceives the tax impact is too great. Alex is likely to be a oneer, which is the term used for someone who can be profitable once, but cannot repeat the success.
Eddie is the guy we should focus tax policy around because he is the guy that employs the bulk of the workers in the U.S. economy. Employment studies have shown that 70% of all employees are employed by privately held businesses and 100% of all new job growth comes from private business. Publicly held businesses kill as many jobs as they create and that is just the nature of the beast. Every time a publicly held business has purchased one of my clients, the public business has decreased employment of the company purchased, not increased. They are inherently geared toward buying the business done by the private company, bolting it on to their infrastructure, and off-loading the private companys management.
Since I started in public accounting in 1978, I have seen multiple tax ideas played out and the varying business decisions resulting from each policy. I can honestly say that no policy proposed has ever caused the result the policy maker wanted, with the possible exception of the 1986 Tax Reform Act. This is the tax act that eliminated tax shelters and lowered tax rates to 2 simple brackets, 15% and 28%. This was the first time I saw my clients get focused on making profits and just pay the taxes. Unfortunately, the 2 brackets eventually turned back into 6 brackets that topped out at 39.6%. In addition to Federal taxes, states have continued to raise rates as well, and the average income tax rate runs around 6%.
What is the Optimum Rate?
I can honestly tell you that somewhere between 25% and 30% (federal and state tax combined) is the point where entrepreneurs will push forward to make more money rather than just put it on pause and take care of their own. It also helps to have fewer brackets and get to the top bracket relatively quickly. Simplicity has a tremendous power to move people to action and release them from the paralysis that lack of understanding brings.
Policy makers need to understand that entrepreneurs can always trim growth and just take care of themselves and their core employees when uncertainty abounds. When they are presented with a flat economy like the one we face now, they need long-term certainty to encourage them to take some risks. When they think their hard work will be eaten up in taxes, it takes all the incentive away.
Disconnect between Cash Flow and Taxes:
In my interaction with entrepreneurs from around the world through the Entrepreneurs Organization, it struck me that U.S. entrepreneurs are significantly under-capitalized compared to their counterparts in Europe and Asia. Easy credit played a big part in this, but tax policy also plays a huge role. The typical U.S. entrepreneur rubs two dollars bills together and tries to make a profit. They start without capital, with just and idea and a dream, and find a way to make it work.
The disconnect that policy makers do not understand is that during the capital building phase of the business (typically the first 5 years in business) all of the after-tax profits are plowed back into the business. Politicians make comments about taxing the rich people, but the ones I deal with that have a business that shows $300,000 in profit are having to pay an average of $120,000 in taxes (40% federal and state) which only leaves $180,000 to put back into the business to repay debt (remember, you encouraged them to start a business and borrow to start it).
Until you have sat in the conference room going over the final year end numbers with a business owner, you have no concept of the disappointment they feel to learn that what appeared to be a success of $300,000 in profit is really only $180,000 (which they used to repay debt so their cash balance did not change). And if they are diligent and have no bumps in the market, they will be out of debt in 5 years. Those are big ifs. We found that we have to monitor this quarterly with clients because they spend their profits and leave no cash for taxes. When they have no cash for taxes, this starts the death spiral of their business because the IRS is now a creditor of last resort.
The Case for Simplification:
Taxes may never be simple, but folks, we can do better than this. Also, I would be a happy practitioner if I never had to help someone file another tax return. We do not need tax preparation to be a jobs program, all of those folks can easily be used to do other useful and more productive things.
Here are my ideas from the real world:
Greg Crabtree has worked in the financial industry for more than thirty years and founded Crabtree, Rowe & Berger, PC, a CPA firm dedicated to helping entrepreneurs build the economic engine of their business. In addition to serving as the firms CEO, Crabtree leads the business consulting teamhelping clients align their financial goals with their profit model and their core business values. He is the author of Simple Numbers, Straight Talk, Big Profits! For more information, please visit: http://www.
- Go back to 2 simple brackets, 15% and 25% - You need to keep the top bracket at 25% since we need room for inevitable increases in Social Security and Medicare tax rates or limits. All income would be treated the same (i.e. no capital gains).
- Simplify taxation of C corporations by allowing a tax deduction for dividends paid. This will encourage public companies to pay out excess capital back into the marketplace, plus you can withhold taxes on the payment and increase tax cash flows to the Treasury. This would also help small privately held C corporations eliminate double taxation and put them on a level playing field with S corporations and LLCs.
- Withhold taxes on flow of funds since the tax brackets are lower, it is more reasonable to withhold taxes on payments made to owners. Any money taken out by an owner of an S corporation, C Corporation or LLC would have taxes withheld on the payment (no shareholder loans!). This would encourage owners to not fall into bad habits of taking money out of the business without considering tax implications until it is too late.
- Eliminate itemized deductions it is time for us to realize we only pollute the thinking of the taxpayer when we make something deductible. You can adjust personal exemptions and a standard deduction to some reasonable level to protect the lower income levels, but after that, make it simple and non-tax motivated.
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